Object Oriented JavaScript


JavaScript uses functions as classes to create objects using the new keyword. Here is an example:

function Person(firstName, lastName) {
    // construct the object using the arguments
    this.firstName = firstName;
    this.lastName = lastName;

    // a method which returns the full name
    this.fullName = function() {
        return this.firstName + " " + this.lastName;
    }
}

var myPerson = new Person("John", "Smith");
console.log(myPerson.fullName());            // outputs "John Smith"

Creating an object using the new keyword is the same as writing the following code:

var myPerson = {
    firstName : "John",
    lastName : "Smith",
    fullName : function()
    {
        return this.firstName + " " + this.lastName;
    }
}

The difference between the two methods of creating objects is that the first method uses a class to define the object and then the new keyword to instantiate it, and the second method immediately creates an instance of the object.

Exercise

Create a class called Person which accepts the name of a person as a string, and his/her age as a number.

The Person class should have a method called describe which returns a string with the following syntax: "name, age years old". So for example, if John is 19 years old then the function describe of his object will return "John, 19 years old".


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